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Definition of Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP), Causes of Hypertension, Risk Factors of Hypertension, Symptoms of Hypertension, Diagnosis of Hypertension, Treatment Management and Nursing Care for Hypertension, Prognosis of Hypertension, Diet for Hypertension, Prevention of Hypertension.

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP)

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP) is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure (tension) is elevated in the arteries or blood vessels of human body. Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is a measure of how hard the blood pushes against the walls of your arteries as it moves through your body.

The Hypertension is one of several 'risk factors' that can increase your chance of developing heart disease, a stroke condition, and other serious medical problem to the patient. Hypertension result from a narrowing of the arterioles, which increases peripheral resistance, necessitating increased force to circulate blood trough the body.

There are two major types of hypertension :
  • Essential hypertension;
    These is the most common type of hypertension cases, has no known cause but many factors play a role in its development.

  • Secondary hypertension;
    These is kind of hypertension that cause by renal disease, hormone problem or other systemic disease.

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is classified according to three stage :
  • Stage 1, a measure of blood pressure between 130/80 and 140/90 mmHg.

    This condition called as prehypertension, some of people with these level they don't feel anything. But it's possible for the other groups of people this level is too high for them. If your blood pressure falls into the prehypertension category and you do not have any other risk factors, lifestyle changes are the recommended treatment at this stage.

  • Stage 2, blood pressure recorded around 160/100 mmHg to 179/109 mmHg.

    Usually if you don't have any accompanying conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, or a history of stroke, at this level the doctors will start to offered lifestyle modifications and a single medication to lower it.

  • Stage 3, Systolic pressure greater than 180 mmHg or diastolic pressure greater than 110 mmHg.

    This level is definitely high, The patient should be treat with medication to lower it as soon as possible. Otherwise, Persistent hypertension can make serious medical problem such as strokes, heart attacks, heart failure and arterial aneurysm, and also became one of leading cause of chronic renal failure.


Articles About Hypertension @ 11:31 PM,


At September 18, 2012 at 2:41 AM, Blogger Cerna Health Care said...

just wanted to say thanks for such a detailed writeup and as always, your honesty and full disclosure make your blog one of the most informative and entertaining out there. Keep doing what you're doing!

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