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Definition of Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP), Causes of Hypertension, Risk Factors of Hypertension, Symptoms of Hypertension, Diagnosis of Hypertension, Treatment Management and Nursing Care for Hypertension, Prognosis of Hypertension, Diet for Hypertension, Prevention of Hypertension.








Definition of Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP)

Definition Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure is elevated. Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time our heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood (systolic pressure). When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls (diastolic pressure).

Hypertension is also referred to as high blood pressure (HBP) or shortened to HT, HTN or HPN. The word "hypertension", by itself, normally refers to systemic, arterial hypertension. (Wikipedia).


The normal number of blood pressure is 120/80 mmHG, It's mean that the systolic is measure as 120 and the diastolic pressures is 80. Persistent hypertension is one of the risk factors for strokes, heart attacks, heart failure and arterial aneurysm, and is a leading cause of chronic renal failure.


More information about definition of hypertension or high blood pressure please visit this link : Hypertension or High Blood Pressure.

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Causes of Hypertension or High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP) is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure is elevated in the arteries or blood vessels of human body. Hypertension result from a narrowing of the arterioles, which increases peripheral resistance, necessitating increased force to circulate blood trough the body.

There are two types of high blood pressure;
  1. Primary hypertension.

    In 90 to 95 percent of hypertension cases in adults, the cause is unknown. This type of high blood pressure, called essential hypertension or primary hypertension, tends to develop gradually over many years.Someone can have high blood pressure for years without knowing it.

    Essential hypertension develops only in groups or societies that have a fairly high intake of salt, exceeding 5.8 grams daily. If we take too much caffeine it can cause nervousness and jitters and palpitations, It may also increase your blood pressure. Stress mental can be an important cause of hypertension or high blood pressure.


  2. Secondary hypertension.

    About 5 to 10 percent of hypertension cases are caused by an underlying condition, This type of high blood pressure called as secondary hypertension. Many of medical condition and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:
    • Kidney disease (abnormalities),
    • Tumors of the adrenal gland,
    • Endocrine disease (hormone disorders; a hormone is a regulatory chemical that occurs naturally in your body),
    • A narrowing of the aorta (the largest artery leading from the heart) or the arteries leading to the kidneys,
    • Certain medications, such as contraceptive pill, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugsIllegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines,
    • Pregnancy, which can cause pre-eclampsia - this can be serious and harm your baby.

Commonly, people with hypertension feel no different from those who have normal blood pressure level, They do not have symptoms when they have high blood pressure. That's why hypertension is often referred to as "the silent killer."

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